JALO

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1924 ARTICLE INTRO
SENUSSIS
SIWA
AMERICAN SHEIK
THE SANDSTORM
THE CARAVAN
JALO
BIBO
TEA AND RICE
LEADERSHIP
HELPING BIRDS
TRAGEDY
KUFRA
DESERT CHIVALRY
SLAVES
THE UNKNOWN
CAMEL AND MAN
EXTREMES
NIGHT TREKS
BY THE STARS
OUENAT
ROCK CARVINGS
END OF JOURNEY
Glossary
Editors Notes

 

JALO CENTER NORTHBOUND TRADE IN FEATHERS AND IVORY

Jalo is one of the most important oases in Cyrenaica, partly because of the dates which it produces, but more especially because it is the destination of the caravans coming north from Kufra. Ivory and ostrich feathers from Wadai and Darfur come to Jalo to be forwarded either eastward to Egypt or northward to Bengazi. This trade is chiefly in the hands of the Majabra tribe, whose head men are the - merchant princes of the Libyan Desert. A Majabri (singular of Majabra) boasts that his father died on the basur (camels saddle) in the same way that a soldier boasts that his father died on the held of battle.

From this oasis we moved southward to Buttafal well, a day's journey from Jalo where water was obtained for the trek across desolate sand flats to the wells of Zieghen[5].

Before setting forth the details of the (p242) [photo] (p243) [photo] (p244) long journey, it may be well to describe the organization of the caravan.

 

Zieghen: Photo by Ahmed Bey Hassanein on 1923

EL HARASH WELL, IN THE ZIEGHEN DISTRICT

This is the first water in the desert after leaving Buttafal (see text, page 247). Two men are filling girbas (sheepskins) with water. In the foreground is Bibo, the expedition mascot (see text, page 245) [photo page 243]

 

Kufra: Photo by Ahmed Bey Hassanein on 1923

DATE PALMS IN THE VALLEY OF KUFRA

In the middle distance the light streak is the Lake of Kufra (see also illustration, page 246). In the foreground are the dwellings of the natives [photo page 244]

 

Zwaya Chiefs of Kufra: Photo by Ahmed Bey Hassanein on 1923

ZWAYA CHIEFS OF KUFRA

The Zwaya are the conquerors of Kufra and the inhabitants of it now. They are the tribesmen who destroyed all the notes and scientific results of the German explorer Rohlfs when he visited them in 1879 (see text page 236) [photo page 244]

 

In addition to our 15 men and 37 camels, an important member of the expedition was Baraka, my chestnut Arabian horse, which made the entire journey and endured the hardships astonishingly well. Day after day, in midsummer, he stood tethered near my tent, in the broiling sun, with the temperature sometimes registering 113 F. He is in Cairo now enjoying for life a well-earned rest.

 


 

[5] Zieghen has been mentioned by the German explorer Rohlfs as Sirhen. Arabic pronunciation should be  زيغن .SaharaSafaris.org Editor.

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